Tuesday, January 26, 2016

February 3-7 , 1937; 33rd International Eucharistic Congress in Manila, Philippines.

Pontifical masses held in Rizal Park during the 33rd International Eucharistic Congress inManila, Philippines attended by approximately 1.5 million people from around the world.

In the Catholic Church, a Eucharistic Congress is a gathering of clergyreligious, and laity to bear witness to the Real Presence of Jesus in the Eucharist, which is an important Roman Catholic doctrine. Congresses bring together people from a wide area, and typically involve large open-air MassesEucharistic adoration (Blessed Sacrament), and other devotional ceremonies held over several days. Congresses may both refer to National (varies by country) and International Eucharistic Congresses. 

The first congress in Asia was the 33rd International Eucharistic Congress which was held in Manila, Philippines during the pontificate of Pope Pius XI, and was attended by approximately 1.5 million people from around the world. Pontifical masses were held in Rizal Park, with hundreds of thousands of people attending each one.

Thursday, January 21, 2016

1930s Black Nazarene procession.

The Black Nazarene (SpanishEl Nazareno Negro, Nuestro Padre Jesús NazarenoFilipinoPoóng Itím na Nazareno), is a life-sized iconic statue of Jesus Christ enshrined in the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene located at the Quiapo district in the City of ManilaPhilippines. The image carved by an anonymous Mexican artist in the 17th century depicts Jesus bearing the cross en route to his crucifixion. The statue is renowned in the Philippines and considered miraculous by many Filipino Catholics.
There are three annual dates when the statue is brought out of its shrine for public veneration: New Year's Day (the first day of its novena); Good Friday; and January 9. The procession on the 9th of January reenacts the image's Traslación in 1787 (English: "passage" or "transfer"), or solemn transfer to the Minor Basilica from its original location in what is now Rizal Park. The Traslación procession is the largest of the three, drawing millions of devotees and lasting anywhere from 14 to 20 hours.

Saturday, January 16, 2016

February 28, 1945: Sherman tank enters Intramuros.

On the 28th of  February 1945.  M4 Sherman tank finally breached the defenses of Fort Santiago, Intramuros (the heart of Manila), entering through the Santa Lucia Gate.
Sanji Iwabuchi (March 2, 1895 - February 26, 1945) was the Japanese rear admiral 
during World War II in command of the naval forces in ManilaPhilippines in 1945.

February 3, 1945, the battle for the liberation of Manila started. The Manila Naval Defense Force, under Rear Admiral Iwabuchi Sanji, composed of around 15,000 troops, defended Manila to the last man. There was only one Japanese tank attached to naval forces in the defense. Tanks played a vital role for the American operations. The 44th Tank Battalion and 640th Tank Destroyer Battalion of the 1st Cavalry Division and the 754th Tank Battalion and 711th Tank Battalion of the 37th Division played a significant role in liberating Manila, the capital city of the Philippines. The city joined Stalingrad as being the host to some of the fiercest urban fighting during the war. Manila was successfully liberated on March 3, 1945 when the last Japanese unit was wiped out. 

Monday, January 11, 2016

January 12th and 23rd, 1949- "White Russians" Refugees arrived In the Philippines!

‘GIVE ME YOUR HUDDLED MASSES YEARNING TO BREATHE’ ‘White Russians’ disembark on Tubabao Island from their rusty ship after a journey that took them from Bolshevik Russia to Maoist China and finally to the Philippines, the only country willing to shelter them in 1948. CONTRIBUTED PHOTO

White Russians arrived in January 1949, 49 of them (the “advance echelon”) by air on the 12th, and 492 by sea on the 23rd, on board  S.S. Hwa Lien. Around a total of 6,000 anti-communist so-called White Russian refugees were welcomed into the Philippines shores in 1949. After fleeing Russia for China, they again had to seek refuge when the Maoist revolutionary army was about to take over Shanghai. Of all the countries in the world, only the Philippines accepted them.

TEMPORARY HOME. The so-called White Russian refugees made Guiuan, Eastern Samar their home for two to 3 years. Photo by the Museum of Russian Culture, San Francisco, USA
After a grueling odyssey from Shanghai, the White Russians found a temporary home in Guiuan.  As refugees poured in, the practically uninhabited island of Tubabao was transformed into what was known as Russian Refugee Camp.   It was divided into 14 districts, each district taking care of its own needs.  Eventually, electricity, hospital, sanatorium, supply office, cemetery and churches of every denomination were set up.  After almost three years of refuge in the island and of waiting for immigration officers, they were eventually admitted to France, Chile and other South American countries, the United States and Australia, but the great majority was finally settled in the U.S. 

However unpleasant may have been their life in the island, especially for the elderly, the White Russians were freed from the power of Josef Stalin and Mao Tse-Tung.  Obviously, their plight was better than of those who chose to remain in China , for whom life in the 1950s was almost intolerable.

technorati tags:
del.icio.us tags:
keotag tags: