Thursday, May 14, 2015

May 1, 2001: President Arroyo declares State of Rebellion due to EDSA III.

EDSA (Epifanio de los Santos Avenue) III was a protest sparked by the arrest in April 2001 of newly deposed President Joseph Estrada of the Philippines. The protest was held for seven days in a major highway in Metropolitan Manila, EDSA, which eventually culminated in the morning of May 1, 2001 in an attempt to storm the Malacañang presidential palace aimed to remove Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo from the presidency and to reinstate Estrada. 

                                        Thousands of supporters of former Philippine president Joseph Estrada raise their fists                              while shouting "Release Erap" during a protest at the 
                                     A supporter of former Philippine  President Joseph Estrada stands over a protester                                         killed during clashes between police and thousands of Estrada backers.
A supporter of arrested former  President Joseph Estrada throws stone at riot police
Hundreds of thousands of protesters stormed towards Malacañang where government soldiers and the policemen dispersed the marchers, causing violence. 
                                       Supporters of arrested former President Joseph Estrada dispersed with water cannon                                   as they try to storm the gates of Malacanang Palace
Several broadcast vans of ABS-CBN were torched by members of the crowd, while others attacked the police and soldiers with rocks, sticks, and pipes. 
Two civilians run away from a burning police car set alight by supporters of former President Joseph Estrada near the Malacañang presidential palace in Manila May 1, 2001.
The police and military responded with force after implementing a "maximum tolerance" policy, which led to the injury of many of the protesters. President Arroyo declared a State of Rebellion in the National Capital Region pursuant to Proclamation No. 38 and arrested leaders who participated in the said rebellion like Senator Juan Ponce Enrile but released on bail. 

On May 7, 2001, President Arroyo lifted the State of Rebellion.

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