|Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo landed in Nichols Field, Manila, for state visit to the Philippines.|
Thursday, May 28, 2015
May 6, 1943: State visit of Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo to Manila, Philippines.
On May 6, 1943, Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo (Kyūjitai: 東條 英機; Shinjitai: 東条 英機; Tōjō Hideki ; December 30, 1884 – December 23, 1948) during his first visit to the Philippines pledged to establish the Republic of the Philippines and promised to return independence as part of its propaganda of Pan-Asianism (Asia for the Asians). This prompted the Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas (KALIBAPI; Association for Service to the New Philippines) to call for a convention on June 19, 1943 where twenty of its members were elected to form the Preparatory Commission for Independence. KALIBAPI, was a Filipino political party that served as the sole party of state during the Japanese occupation intended to be a Filipino version of Japan's governing Taisei Yokusankai party.
The commission tasked to draft a constitution for the Philippine Republic and elected head was José Paciano Laurel y García, (March 9, 1891 – November 6, 1959). The Preparatory Commission presented its draft Constitution on September 4, 1943 and three days later, the KALIBAPI general assembly ratified the draft Constitution.
Tojo was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), the leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association, and the 40th Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II, from October 17, 1941 to July 22, 1944. As Prime Minister, he was responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbor, which initiated war between Japan and the United States, although planning for it had begun before he entered office. After the end of the war, Tojo was arrested, sentenced to death for Japanese war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, and hanged on December 23, 1948.